Sunday, June 13, 2010

How to Implement a Community Plan

It is not easy to prepare for a community health program that would be beneficial to a community. Sometimes the culture , hope not of violence, of a community affects the behavior of the residents. An effective community health program is a well organized and a comprehensively planned activity that involves actively the people of the community. This would only take place of the members of the community have an active participation in the venture. It is very crucial that you as the facilitator should know that the cooperation of the members of the community is the most important thing. They should feel that they are part of the project, that you are only there to guide and facilitate it, and that they are the ones who should implement it and they should take active participation. You are not only teaching them independence and self-reliance but also taking pride in their own community.

You could follow four distinct steps:

Assess the community. What are the existing structures, goals, and plans? Take detailed description of each. Is there an existing health care center? What are the existing goals established by this center? What segment have they implemented so far? Are the implemented programs effective? What phase needs to be improved?

How many personnel are available daily? Is the number sufficient to respond to the needs of the community? Are there enough doctors? Nurses? Med. Techs? And nursing aides? Is the specialty of the doctor and personnel relevant to the needs of the community?

If there are more infant mortality and morbidity, then a pediatrician should be part of the health team. A community health program should be relevant to the needs of the community.

Set up your goals

Once you have identified the strength, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT), it is time now to prepare your objectives. You should prepare short term and long-term objectives. Your goals should be specific, measurable, attainable, relevant and timely SAMRT.) It is essential that you should do the assessment first because you have to create goals that would respond to the needs of that particular community. Communities have different needs and these should be taken into consideration.

Implement your goals/programs

Implement your community health program. You should have certain milestones to be achieved in the course if your implementation. There should be short t- term goals to determine how far the project has advanced. It would also indicate if the steps you are doing are in track with your objectives.

Evaluate your program

After the implementation of the community health program, you are now ready to check if you have achieved your short and long term goals; whether you have done the project according to plan. You should have an inventory list, the accomplishments, the outcomes or the end results of each step.

If the goals have not been achieved, then determine the root problem. What are the reasons? These would be your basis of establishing and creating your goals again. Then the whole process is repeated: assessment, goals’ formulation, implementation and evaluation.

The ultimate success of a community health problem is the cooperation of all entity involved in the project, most especially the members of the community. The local governments, government officials, the private sector, the allied health personnel and everyone have to work together to succeed in implementing a community health program.

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